Over the last decade demand for travel in London has risen, as has the number of people living in the city. There has been increased patronage of public transport and declining car use, although car use has risen slightly in the past two years. Cycling and walking levels have also increased over the past decade. These trends have been more muted in outer London than in inner or central areas. This is important as the types of transport that people choose to use have a large impact on their, and others, health and wellbeing. The largest transport related impacts on health are ‘Accidents’ and ‘Active Travel’ (the beneficial health effects of choosing to walk or cycle), discussed in this factsheet and ‘Air & Noise Pollution’, see separate factsheet.