Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the name for a group of lung conditions that cause breathing difficulties. It includes:
- Emphysema – damage to the air sacs in lungs
- Chronic bronchitis – long term inflammation of the airways.
Hounslow CCG currently experiences approximately 4,000 respiratory related emergency admissions into hospital over the course of 12 months.
One of the main contributing risk factors associated with COPD is smoking. There is a direct correlation between smoking and COPD prevalence. Within Hounslow it is estimated over 14% of the adult population are smokers. This associates to approximately 37,800 smokers. Of the 37,800 smokers within Hounslow 3,023 patients have been diagnosed with COPD. The relationship between smoking and COPD means that smoking cessation will lead to a drop in COPD prevalence.